Adoption of the New High Efficient Cokking Stoves in the Households in Zanzibar, Tanzania

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Traditional cooking stoves are the one among causes of deforestation, respiratory diseases, over cooking coasts and global climatic change which effect world environment including Zanzibar. New High Efficient Cooking Stoves (NHECS) seen to be best alternative to overcome those problem although the adoption level in urban Zanzibar is very limited and not clear identified. This study therefore aimed to understand the adoption of New High Efficient Cooking Stoves (NHECS) in Zanzibar urban households specifically to address the application differences of NHECS from traditional cooking stoves, factors and trendof NHECCS adoption in urban Zanzibar and suggest alternative measuresto reduce impactsresulting from using traditional cooking stoves.Methodology employed,both primary and secondary data were used. Primary data was collected using questionnaires, interview, focus group discussion and field observation.Based on the research plan, 355participants were randomly selected for study. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used to analyze the data. The findings of the study indicated that traditional cookingstoves (TCS) are the primary cooking stoves used in urban Zanzibar by 97% residences, whereas 97% of surveyed households combine NHECS and TCS in the same household. However, despite significant benefits of NHECS household‘s adoption patterns is very slow. This is due to some constraining factors that influencing the adoption. Theresults shows that 54% of surveyed households fail to adopt NHECS due to limited stove sizes, while66% due to high initial costs of NHECS, 27% because of poor accessibility and85% due to poor stovedurability. Furthermore educational level ofthe household‘s members and employment status contributeto the poor adoption of NHECS by 74% and 68% respectively, while awareness of the household‘s memberscontributing66%, not like TCS which are well accessible indifferentist sizes and everywhere by lower cost. These found to be main factors for the failure of mass NHECS adoption for majority of urbanZanzibar‘s households.The need to adopt NHECS programs including further adaptive research have been recommended in order to reduce environmental hazards, health impacts and over costs cooking.However the presence of NHECS does not guarantee that, will be used comprehensively since some of households owned NHECS but 90% of meals were cooked on traditional cooking stoves.Therefore there is need for mass education about NHECS, improvement of stove quality, advanced stove sizes, accessibility, and reducing high initial cost in order to facilitate mass NHECS installation in urban Zanzibar
Available in print form, Tunguu Reference Library
1. Efficient Cooking Stoves - Zanzibar 2. New cooking stoves in the households - Zanzibar